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    Kuv kawm Noob ntaub noob ntawv

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    nkaujhnubqub
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    Kuv kawm Noob ntaub noob ntawv

    Post by nkaujhnubqub on Mon 4 Feb - 5:46

    Peb hmoob tus qauv ntawv muab sau cia tseg ua daim paj ntaub, vim txoj kev ua tsiv rog



    Sau ntawv hmoob thiab mloog lub suab


    Hmoob ntawv


    Last edited by nkaujhnubqub on Mon 4 Feb - 15:14; edited 1 time in total



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    Re: Kuv kawm Noob ntaub noob ntawv

    Post by nkaujhnubqub on Mon 4 Feb - 6:07

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    mus hauv no mus kawm ntawv hmoob


    CONSONANTS
    There are about 56 consonants in the Hmong Language.

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    * Hmong Der Used Only Consonants
    ** Mong Leng Used Only Consonants
    Suggestion to Learning These Consonants.
    The first step is to learn all the single consonants by making sure you know how to pronounce them correctly. This is no different than learning the English language. In other words, before you can pronounce words like THailand, DRiveway, SHoe, you have to learn the single consonants such as "T, D, and S" before diving into "TH, DR, and SH."

    Below are the single consonants.
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    The next step is to learn the dual consonants. The rule here is to always separete the "H" from others whether it is in the front or at the end. If the "H" is in front, then the correct way to pronounce is to breath out air through the nose before sounding out the following consonant. Let's take a look at the word "Hmong" and see if we can pronounce it. First, we recognize the "H" in front of the "M" so we close our mouth tightly. Next we are going to breath out the "H" through the nose, loud enough so you can hear yourself such as during heavy breathing, and then say the word "mong." At first, it might sound like, "Hew + Mong", but if you keep practicing and saying it as quickly as you can, you will become a real Hmong.

    Now you may wonder what is the difference between consonants what have the "H" in front and consonants that have the "H" after. Good question, little grasshopper Since we already covered the word "Hmong", let us talk about consonants having the "H" after. Let's look at the word "Dhia" and see if we can pronounce it. First, we recognize that the "D" is before the "H" so that means we are going to sound out the "D" just like the English pronunciation, i.e., dee. Now just puff the word "hia" and you have the word "Dhia." In other words, consonants that have the "h" in front is called the nasal consonants, and consonants that have "h" after is called the puff, like "th in Thomas" consonants.
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    The next step is to learn the triple consonants. Notice how I separated the consonants, and there is a good phonetical reason for that. If you click on each of the consonants and repeat after it; slowly, you will hear the similarity or cohesiveness of sounds in them. At first, they might not sound too correct, but once you convince yourself to like them, they, too, will stick with you forever.
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    The last step is the quadruple consonants, these consonants are nothing more than adding the aspiration (puff of air through the mouth) at the end of the triple consonants.
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    Of course, to speed your reading, you will need to recognize each word just like English words school, philosophy, train, straight, thread, history, constitution, and construction etc... However, the good thing in the Hmong language is that there are no words that have the same spelling but pronounce differently like the English word READ (REED) and READ (RED), past tense of read (reed) or words like toe (toh) and shoe (shoo).

     



    VOWELS / SUAB

    There are forteen vowels in the Hmong language.
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                          * Mong Leng Used Only

    Below, I have combined all the vowels with the eight tones.
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    The Hmong language has three parts. The first part is the consonants.The second part is the vowels and the last part is the pitch or tone markers, in linguistics world it is called tonemes. Therefore, the preferred learning method is to first learn the consonants, the vowels,and then the tonemes or the tones. Furthermore, the Hmong language does not have chroneme -- words having the same sound but varies in duration to mean different in meanings.

    There are eight tones, forteen vowels, and fifty-seven consonants. Therefore, once you have learned and remembered the three parts mentioned above, you can easily sound out the word without difficulty. The Hmong language is unlike English that spell the same but read differently, like the present tense of "read" and past tense of "read - RED." I have provided sounds for all of these parts to help you learn, however, you must know how to put them together, similar to the English "D + ad = dad, p + ick = pick, f + ear = fear, Th + ai = Thai, F + ish = fish."

    Below are some examples:D + ev = dev (dog), d + aj = daj (yellow), d + eb + deb (far), f + awm = fawm (noodles), f + aib = faib (divide), s + au = sau (write), k + ab = kab (insects).

    Below I have provided the sounds for the eight tones. The "J" is the equivalent of the Hmong word "Koj." The "S" is the equivalent of the word "Mus" like the English word "Zoo, two etc..." Click on the word to hear its tone or pitch. One last thing I want to mention is that the Hmong language is very consistent. By that I meant the tone marker "B" will always have the highest pitch no matter what and where you see it. For example, if you have the word "niam", mother, and you put a tone marker "b" instead of the "m", it will be not mean mother any more because it change the pitch from "niam" to "niab."

    Is it really that consistent? Well, just like any other language, there are always exceptions to the rule, and what are those exceptions? Little grasshopper, when you have mastered hopping through what I have asked you to do above, I will be glad to share those secrets with you. Until then, just keep on clicking and learning until you can fly like a bird




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    Re: Kuv kawm Noob ntaub noob ntawv

    Post by tiamneejtshiab on Mon 4 Feb - 11:30

    Nkaujhnubqub, tus ntawv uas koj muab tuaj tso rau ntawm nov puas yog tus ntawv "Paj Ntaub"

    Yog tias yog tus ntawv paj ntaub no kuv twb tau kawm ib zaug lawm thiab, tab sis tseem kawm tsis tau li.

    Yog tus ntawv nov no kuv kuj nyiam kawg thiab os, kuv twb tau sau thiab kawm ib zaug lawm. Tab sis tseem nyeem tsis tau hlo li os.










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    Re: Kuv kawm Noob ntaub noob ntawv

    Post by nkaujhnubqub on Mon 4 Feb - 15:15




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    Re: Kuv kawm Noob ntaub noob ntawv

    Post by amie on Tue 12 Mar - 4:58

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    Re: Kuv kawm Noob ntaub noob ntawv

    Post by amie on Tue 12 Mar - 5:36

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